China's Behavior in the South China Sea: Asia-Pacific Order and Taiwan's Strategy

  • Date:2018-05-03

Taiwan Social Sciences Citation Index(TSSCI)

Prospect Quarterly Vol.19 No.1 (January 2018)


China's Behavior in the South China Sea:Asia-Pacific Order and Taiwan's Strategy

Source: Official U.S. Navy Page, flickr, <https://www.flickr.com/photos/usnavy/5506117357>.

 

China's Behavior in the South China Sea: Asia-Pacific Order and Taiwan's Strategy

Jung-hsiang Tsai
Professor, Political Science Department,
National Chung Cheng University

Abstract

The questions of this paper are how a rising power shows its prowess, how the interactions and conflicts of great powers affect diplomatic behaviors of small powers, how the international and domestic factors impact on the stance of the state, and how small states strike a balance between great powers. The findings are below. China is a revisionist power that enforces coercive diplomacy to solve maritime sovereignty disputes with neighboring countries such as Vietnam and Philippines in the South China Sea conflicts. These two countries have been hedging against China by strengthening their strategic ties with the U.S.. For Taiwan, political pressures from rapprochement or unification with China have propelled Taiwan to choose the strategy of soft-balancing and the conflicts between the U.S. and China in the South China sea have transformed Taiwan's grand strategy by more bandwagoning with America. This strategy is more likely to consolidate Taiwan's strategic security and relative gains in the triangular relations between the U.S., China and Taiwan.

Keywords:Rising Power, South China Sea Conflicts, Revisionist Power,Soft-balancing, Relative Gains

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The Issue of Competition and Cooperation betweenChina and the United States in the South China Sea:
Challengesfor "New Type of Great Power Relations"

Ming-yuan Hu
Assistant Professor, Graduate Institute of Strategic Studies,
National Defense University


Abstract

China wants to establish so called "New Type of Great Power Relations" with the United States as a measure for redistribution of global power. Aiming to becoming the regional power in South China Sea with traditional global players, PLA gradually increases political and military influences in this region by reclaiming and militarizing the islands. China uses carrots and sticks strategy, lured by economy benefits and threat with military presence, to silence sovereignty and claimed states.

In order to disrupt China's rapidly increased influence in the region, the U.S. must response with counter measures to neutralize China's actions. Therefore, the military competition of China and the U.S. will not create a peaceful and cooperated environment in South China Sea. In summary, the competition between China and U.S. remains in stalemate of balance of power.

Keywords:South China Sea, New Type of Great Power Relations, Anti-access/Area Denial, Balance of Power, Neo-realism

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Power Politics or Cultural Identities of Rising China?
An Empirical Assessment of Historical China-Korea Relations 1368-1449

Shih-yueh Yang
Professor, GraduateInstitute of Strategic Studies & International Affairs,
National Defense University


Abstract 

The rise of China is atopic of great concern to the world nowadays. In contrast to the realist logicof power politics, the constructivism holds that the consequence of the rise ofChina is not determined by material factors but by the cultural identitiesbetween China and its neighboring countries. If the connotations of the risingof China are different, the perceptions of countries neighboring to China willbe different, and then their interactions will also be different. Is thisargument true? This study attempts to approach this question with a historicalprospective by comparing the rise of the Qin, Han, Sui, Tang, Liao, Jin, Yuanand Ming dynasties, with Korea in the early Ming Dynasty as the focus, to seewhether Korea rejected a rising China that it did not connotatively recognizebut accepted a rising China that it did connotatively recognize. .

Keywords:Realism, Constructivism,Culture Identity, Rise of China, China-Korea Relations

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  • Update:2018-06-12