Exploring the Attitudes of Taiwan's Young Generation towards Unification-Independence

  • Date:2018-06-12

Taiwan Social Sciences Citation Index(TSSCI)

Prospect Quarterly Vol.19 No.2 (April 2018)


Exploring the Attitudes of Taiwan's Young Generation towards Unification-Independence

Source: othree, flickr, <https://www.flickr.com/photos/othree/13739543754/>; Office of the President ROC (Taiwan), flickr, <https://www.flickr.com/photos/presidentialoffice/30315806156/>.

 

Exploring the Attitudes of Taiwan's Young Generation towards Unification-Independence and Cross-Strait Economic Exchanges

 
 
Hung-chang Kuan
Associate Professor, Department of East Asian Studies,
National Taiwan Normal University
 
Abstract

        This article aims to understand the attitudes of Taiwan's young generation toward cross-Strait relations. It applies cross-tabulation analysis and ordered logit analysis on the data collected by the "2015 Taiwan National Security Survey". The results indicate that one significant attitude of Taiwan's young generation is that they wish to keep Taiwan "separated" from, but not "disconnected", with China. More specifically, most young people's true preference for future cross-Strait political relations is Taiwan independence. However, most of them also support cross-Strait economic interactions. The factors that influence these attitudes include not only political identity factors but also how much the young people like or dislike China or its government.

Keywords:Cross-Strait Relations, Unification-Independence, Cross-Strait Economic Exchanges, Generation, China Factor 

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Interest Structure in the Transfer of Collective Farm Land for Commercial Purposes in Rural China:
A Case Study of Chongqing

 
Xiao-ting Gu
Ph. D. Candidate, Graduate Institute of National Development and Mainland China Studies,
Chinese Culture University
 
Chien-min Chao
Professor, Graduate Institute of National Development and Mainland China Studies,
Chinese Culture University



Abstract

        This paper focuses on the interest structure of rural township governance over land rights transfer in Mainland China from the view of a state-business theory. The core interests of a rural township ruling authority are composed of two items: profit transfer and profit structure. This paper suggests that rural township governments have changed from being "blind buyers" to becoming "senior rational investors"; their attitude toward markets has shifted from the explorative stage of "crossing a river by feeling one's way over the stones" to the GDP first stage, and then to the stage of cautious and rational money management. Land rights transfers in rural townships provide opportunities for political entrepreneurs to seek their self-interest, for rural township governments to seek economic interests, for government-business relationship to seek rent-seeking interests, and for government departments to seek departmental interests. 

Keywords:Land Rights Transfer, Rural Township Government, Rural Business-like Management, Interest Structure, Tiao-kuai Structure

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Consolidating Authoritarianism with Limited Democratic Governance:
A Case Study on the Participatory Budgeting of Wenling City in Zhejiang Province (2008-2015) 

Szu-chien Hsu
Associate Research Fellow, Institute of Political Science,
Academia Sinica
 
Chien-chung Wu
Assistant Professor, Center for General Education,
Taipei University of Marine Technology 
 
Abstract 

        "Participatory budgeting" in Wenling, Zhejiang, is a reform which has implications for a limited form of democracy. However, under the current authoritarian political structure, the democratic impact of such a reform can only be limited. But why would such a reform be adopted under an authoritarian regime? What strategies and measures did the local government which implemented this reform adopt? How did the local government control it? How did it benefit from it? And what was the impact of such a reform on the authoritarian rule of the local government? This article intends to answer these questions. The article points out that the reform was not adopted to cope with some urgent governance crisis. The regime allowed it to develop because it was helpful in constraining the power of local government and in easing the tension between the local government and society, which in turn stabilizes authoritarian rule. However, given the unreasonable fiscal structure of the local Chinese government structure, the macro- level political implications of "participatory budgeting" is still very limited. 

Keywords:Participatory Budgeting, Democratic Consultation, Budget Reform, Governance Reform, Authoritarian Consolidation

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  • Update:2018-09-11