Prospect Journal No.16 (October 2016)
As President Tsai Ing-wen articulated the New Southbound Policy in her inaugural address, it has become a crucial element for Taiwan's economic and trade strategy. Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Taiwan(R.O.C.), MOFA,
With "The New Southbound Policy" as the main foreign policy of Taiwan government, the cooperation with Southeast and South Asia has become a crucial affair to Taiwan. This issue of the Journal features essays by invited scholars who are long-term observers of "One Belt One Road" policy and the political and economic circumstances in Southeast and South Asian region. Through reviews, policy suggestions are provided to serve as references for think tanks worldwide.
The New Southbound Policy and Taiwan's Living Space in the Regional Political-Economic Context
Professor, Department of Business Administration,
Chien Hsin University of Science and Technology
The New Southbound Policy is regarded as a new strategic blueprint for Taiwan to counter China's domination. This paper depicts the timing of this policy and its subsequent strategic implications, challenges and opportunities. The author tries to put the background and prospects of the policy in the political-economic context of the region. ASEAN countries and India, as host countries, tend to take a win-win view, instead of a zero sum view in dealing with competing forces from without. The facts show that over the past few years, the region has been filled with foreign resources, energies, and diplomatic engagements. From a strategic view, the interwoven structures appear out of the interactions among the host countries and China vis-à-vis the U.S. and Japan as well as some other democracies. It will be a protracted duel for the G2. These structures may offer some living space for Taiwanese to breathe even though China may exercise its influence to intimidate and block them.
Keywords: Taiwan, The New Southbound Policy, ASEAN, India, G2
Contextualizing Taiwan's New Southbound Policy in ASEAN Community:
The Need to Prioritize Mutual Interests
Associate Professor, Graduate Institute of East Asian Studies,
Associate Research Fellow, Institute of International Relations,
Executive Director, Center for Southeast Asian Studies,
National Chengchi University
On September 22, 2015, the Democratic Progressive Party (DPP) announced a New Southbound Policy during the presidential election campaign. The Policy is defined as a multi-faceted initiative to enhance Taiwan's engagement in Southeast Asia. As President Tsai Ing-wen articulated the New Southbound Policy in her inaugural address, it has become a crucial element for Taiwan's economic and trade strategy. This paper contends that the New Southbound Policy is not only an external economic policy, but a tactful and proactive way to simultaneously re-orient Taiwan's national development with its international participation in the regional community. Moreover, it argues that, for success, the New Southbound Policy needs to prioritize mutual interests between Taiwan and Southeast Asia that are contextualized in the process of the ASEAN Community. This paper begins with the introduction of ASEAN integration and regional dynamics of Southeast Asia. Then, it discusses the background of New Southbound Policy proposed by the DPP and emphasizes the framework and issue areas of prioritizing mutual interests between Taiwan and Southeast Asia.
Keywords: New Southbound Policy, ASEAN, ASEAN Community, Taiwan, Southeast Asia
Seeing the Elephant: Taiwan's Challenges and Opportunities in India
O.P. Jindal Global University, India
As the hub and leader of South Asian countries, India is an essential country for the "New Southbound Policy (NSP)." Nevertheless, doing business is never easy in India, as there are many bottlenecks and difficulties for Taiwanese firms. In this article, I propose that India has good prospects at the microeconomic level due to successful reform proposals by Prime Minister Narendra Modi and his government, as well as due to increased foreign direct investment (FDI). The government and enterprises of Taiwan should use the increasing investment in electronic manufacturing to expand current footholds, explore more possibilities for investment, and enhance bilateral governmental relations with India. Defense manufacturing also is a potential but neglected industry that can be a bridge for closer relations with the government of India. Taiwan should use India as an opportunity for globalization, and, under NSP's "people-centered" approach, areas of education, consulting, integrated services, and language teaching also should be encouraged.
Keywords: India-Taiwan Relations; Investment; New Southbound Policy; People-to-People Exchange; Defense Cooperation
Australia's Strategic Dilemma: The Australia-US-China Triangle
Department of Public Affairs, Ming Chuan University
Although Obama's government tacitly voiced concerns on the rise of China, and maintained that Australia does not need to choose between the United States and China, Trump's unpredictable policy and ignorance of the complexity of the international geopolitical order may place Australia in a situation where that choice has to be made. Australia's enduring alliance with the United States continues to act as a crucial force multiplier for Australia's security policy. Such an alliance, however, can be affected by two variables: the rise of China and the uncertain role of the US in the Asia-Pacific since Trump became president. The conventional view calls for a more active regional security policy so that Australia can weather the destabilizing effects caused by China and a wavering US. Although the Australia-US alliance has effectively advanced both nations' interests for decades, the rise of China could affect this alliance—in other words, in facing a rising China, Australia might have to modify its alliance with the US and forge a closer relationship with China. However, so far Australia appears to prioritize its ties with America over those with China.
Opportunities and Challenges of Taiwan's "New Southbound Policy" under Mainland China's "One Belt, One Road" Initiative
The Democratic Progressive Party (DPP) recently proposed a "New Southbound Policy" (NSP) for the diplomatic strategic planning of Taiwan. Simultaneously, Mainland China is promoting the "One Belt, One Road" (OBOR) initiative actively. Obviously, both approaches overlap in many areas. This study tries to explore how China's OBOR initiative may have an impact on Taiwan's NSP and what responses Taiwan can make? This study argues that Taiwan should make full use of its own advantages to maintain long-term positive relations with the ASEAN and South Asian countries. At the same time, Taiwan must not compete with China's OBOR initiative, because this might cause a zero-sum diplomatic competition with China, forcing these regional countries to choose the Chinese or the Taiwanese side. Therefore, the fundamental principle of Taiwan in promoting the NSP should be long-standing, non-political and effective. Longstanding means that the relationship between Taiwan and the ASEAN countries in the basic field of the humanities, culture and social relations needs a long time to be built up. Effectiveness means that the construction of the relationship needs resources, experts and the altering of Taiwan's internal situation and mindset, then Taiwan can build open bilateral relations with ASEAN. Finally, non-political means that since Taiwan cannot compete with China in the field of international politics and diplomacy, Taiwan's foreign policy should stress constructing realistic relations with regional countries for enforcing pragmatic diplomacy.